Hannibal of Carthage Had Clay Pots Filled With Venomous Snakes Thrown onto the Decks of Enemy Ships.

 

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According to Homer’s epic poems about the legendary Trojan War, the Iliad and the Odyssey, spears and arrows were tipped with poison. During the 4th century BC Scythian archers tipped their arrow tips with snake venom, human blood, and animal feces to cause wounds to become infected.

In a naval battle against King Eumenes of Pergamon in 184 BC, Hannibal of Carthage had clay pots filled with venomous snakes and instructed his sailors to throw them onto the decks of enemy ships.

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There are numerous other instances of the use of plant toxins, venoms, and other poisonous substances to create biological weapons in antiquity.

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